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Word of the week

human rights

Basic rights that all human beings should enjoy simply by existing.

─ Pharos English Dictionary for South African Schools

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PharosOnline is a collection of general and subject dictionaries on the internet. It offers a one-stop reference for anyone who wants to communicate effectively in English, Afrikaans, African and other languages. Learn more.


Proverb of the week

To give a free hand ─ To give a person the right to
act as he or she thinks best.

─ Pharos English for All

Did you know?

South African history:

Perhaps the most famous (or infamous) of the apartheid laws is the term Pass Laws, introduced in 1952 to regulate the movement and residential rights of black Africans. Africans often were compelled to violate the pass laws to find work to support their families, so harassment, fines, and arrests under the pass laws were a constant threat to many urban Africans. Protest against these humiliating laws fueled the anti-apartheid struggle ─ from the Defiance Campaign (1952-54), the massive women's protest in Pretoria (1956), to the burning of passes at the police station in Sharpeville where 69 protesters were massacred (1960). 21 March is celebrated as a public holiday in honour of human rights and to commemorate the Sharpeville massacre.

Pharos Say again? The other side of South African English

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More than 30 dictionary titles on PharosOnline
Afrikaans-Engels/English-Afrikaans Dictionary (Pharos 2010)
Verklarende Afrikaanse Woordeboek (Labuschagne & Eksteen 2010)
Bilingual School Dictionary – Eng./Afr. (Pharos 2016)
English Dictionary for South African Schools (Pharos 2015)
Tesourus van Afrikaans (De Stadler & De Stadler 2007)
Sinonieme en verwante woorde (Buro van die WAT 2006)
Groot Woordeboek Afrikaans en Nederlands (Pharos 2011)
Lys Klassieke Eiename – Eng./Afr. (Taalkommissie 1984)
South African Multilingual Dictionary (Pharos 2015)
English/Afrikaans/Zulu/Xhosa Aid (Uys 2002)
English/Afrikaans/Northern Sotho/Tswana Aid (Uys 2008)
Afrikaans-Japannese Woordeboek (Kotzé 2015)
Verklarende Biologiewoordeboek (Webb, De Villiers & Du Toit 1983)
Botanical Dictionary (SA Akademie 1972)
Brug-woordelys – Eng./Afr. explanatory (Dorfling 2003)
Building Dictionary – Eng./Afr. (SA Akademie 1960)
New Business Dictionary – Eng./Afr. (Geldenhuys & Viljoen-Smook 2009)
Dictionary of Economics and Business – Eng./Afr. (Steenkamp & Reynders 2004)
Filatelieterme – Afr./Eng. (Filatelistevereniging & SA Akademie 1977)
Geologiese en verwante terme – Afr./Eng. (SA Akademie 1953)
Dictionary for the Health Sciences – Eng./Afr. (Lochner & Brink 2011)
Mathematics Dictionary – Eng./Afr. (SA Akademie 1987)
SA Music Dictionary – Eng./Afr. (SA Akademie 2000)
Dictionary of Oceanology – Eng./Afr. (Lutjeharms 2004)
Police Dictionary – Eng./Afr. (Du Toit 1994)
Property Economics – Eng./Afr. (Rode 2005)
Radio-TV-Theatre-Film Dictionary – Eng./Afr. (SA Akademie 1999)
Woordeboek van Regs- en Handelsterme – Eng./Afr. explanatory (Smuts & Smuts 1992)
Encyclopaedic Dictionary of short-term insurance – Eng./Afr. (Lindstrom 2012)
Technical Dictionary – Eng./Afr. (Terblanche 2003)
Water and Sewage Works Terms – Eng./Afr. (SA Akademie 1967)
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