Basic rights that all human beings should enjoy simply by existing.
─ Pharos English Dictionary for South African Schools
To give a free hand ─ To give a person the right to
act as he or she thinks best.
─ Pharos English for All
South African history:
Perhaps the most famous (or infamous) of the apartheid laws is the term Pass Laws, introduced in 1952 to regulate the movement and residential rights of black Africans. Africans often were compelled to violate the pass laws to find work to support their families, so harassment, fines, and arrests under the pass laws were a constant threat to many urban Africans. Protest against these humiliating laws fueled the anti-apartheid struggle ─ from the Defiance Campaign (1952-54), the massive women's protest in Pretoria (1956), to the burning of passes at the police station in Sharpeville where 69 protesters were massacred (1960). 21 March is celebrated as a public holiday in honour of human rights and to commemorate the Sharpeville massacre.
─ Pharos Say again? The other side of South African English
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